130 – World Computer Literacy Day 2022: Read 10 Interesting facts about computers

 

New Delhi: Every year on December 2nd, we celebrate World Computer Literacy Day, which aims to bridge the digital divide gap in the world. Computers have become an integral part of our lives. However, there is a huge information divide in India. There are huge numbers of people across the country who do not know how to use computers even at this age.

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It was first celebrated to mark the 20th anniversary of the National Institute of Information Technology (NIIT). Since 2001, the day has been observed across India to promote technical skills, raise awareness and encourage digital literacy among people, especially children and women.

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There is a huge information divide in India today. As computer use has become essential, it has become very important for each of us to know how to use a computer. The purpose of celebrating Computer Literacy Day is to fill this void through development.

Here are 10 interesting facts about computers.

    1. The abacus was the first man-made device that showed how to store numbers, symbols, and characters in a computer-like binary system.

 

    1. Charles Babbage designed the first mechanical computer in 1822 called the Babbage Difference Engine.

 

    1. The first generation computers were built using vacuum tubes. Some examples are ENIAC e (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), EDVAC, UNIVAC, etc.

 

    1. Second generation computers used transistors instead of tubes. they were small in size.

 

    1. The third generation computers were developed using integrated circuits and thus reduced in size. This was the first time silicon chips were used to improve the speed and efficiency of computers.

 

    1. We are currently using a 4th generation computer developed in the 1970s. Intel Corporation engineer Dr. Ted Hoff invented the microprocessor Intel 4004.

 

    1. Scientists are working on the concept of artificial intelligence (AI).
    1. Param Padma is India’s first supercomputer, developed by Vijay P Bhaktar in 1991.

 

    1. One of India’s fastest supercomputers is PARAM Ananta, which was launched on May 30, 2022 at IIT, Gandhinagar. This supercomputer was developed by C-DAC and IIT Gandhinagar under his NSM.

 

    1. India currently has 15 supercomputers.